Étude des mécanismes moléculaires gouvernant le réassortiment génétique des virus Influenza de type A

Abstract : The Flu is a frequent viral infectious disease caused by the Influenza viruses. Their genomes are composed by eight negative single-stranded RNA organised as vRNPs. During the viral cycle, the terminal non-coding and coding regions of viral genome have been shown to be crucial for the selective incorporation of a complete set of the eight vRNPs into influenza viral particles. Band shift assay and electron tomography allowed us to show that all gene segments interact together by RNA/RNA interactions involving their packaging region. Our results suggest that the eight genomic vRNAs are selected and packaged as an organized supramolecular complex held together between identified packaging regions into neosynthesized virions. Due to genome segmented nature, genetic reassortment can occur during co-infection. In order to identify molecular mechanisms responsible for the observed restriction during the genetic reassortment, we have developed a new competitive reverse genetic strategy allowing us to evaluate the genetic reassortment between H3N2 and H5N2 viruses. Our results suggest that mechanism controlling the packaging should regulate genetic reassortment. We have shown that the modulation of RNA/RNA interaction between HA and M gene segment have allowed us to increase HA H5 gene segment incorporation rate into a viral human genetic background, prerequisite for pandemic virus emergency
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Boris Essere. Étude des mécanismes moléculaires gouvernant le réassortiment génétique des virus Influenza de type A. Sciences agricoles. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LYO10119⟩. ⟨tel-00867756⟩

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