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Dimension institutionelle et finalités de la performance sociétale de l'entreprise en Tunisie

Abstract : The purpose of this research is to contribute to the study of Corporate Social Performance (CSP) concept, which provided theorizations remain highly controversial. Indeed, examination of the body of knowledge reveals theoretical, conceptual and empirical anomalies. These shortcomings relate on the operationalization of the CSP, the manner in which the concept has been linked to the notion of performance, and the lack of contextualization of PSE in relation to its institutional environment. It is therefore important to reorganize the concept within a framework that recognizes the dynamic and contingent character of CSP. Thus, this research aims to explore the concept of CSP and analyze its institutional dimension and its effects on organizational performance.On a theoretical level, the overall architecture of the thesis follows triple phase reasoning: deconstruction / reconstruction / validation. Deconstruction phase (first part) consists in highlighting theoretical, conceptual and empirical perspectives of the CSP. The reconstruction phase (second part) consists on developing a framework with systemic approach, which aims to unify different theoretical orientations. And finally, the validation phase (third party) consists on testing our conceptual framework. On the conceptual level, our framework mobilizes systemic approach. It declines institutional pressures as input to the system, PSE as a process, and organizational performance as a result of the system. The research model is articulated by multi-level hypotheses (general hypothesis, partial hypothesis, adjacent hypothesis and moderation hypothesis).On the methodological level, our approach is divided in two phases. An exploratory phase that aims to explore CSP, to adapt and to reconfigure our research model. A second phase seeks to test the research hypotheses and establish contributions in terms of knowledge.The empirical investigation conducted on 132 Tunisian companies endorses the systematicity of the CSP. In fact, the process of CSP is influenced by institutional pressures, piloted by the principles and managerial beliefs. Therefore, this process produces results in terms of performance, and it is supported by societal tools and measures.The originality of this work is essentially justified by multi-level research model as well as a methodological approach which is adapted to the complexity of the research object. In addition, this issue has been widely discussed in the American and European context, but it remains unexplored in the Arab world, particularly in the Maghreb
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Ezzeddine Boussoura. Dimension institutionelle et finalités de la performance sociétale de l'entreprise en Tunisie. Sociologie. Université de Bourgogne, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012DIJOE001⟩. ⟨tel-00866605⟩

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