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Etude des réactions atmosphériques photoinduites à l’interface air/solide : application au dépôt urbain

Abstract : The atmosphere contains a wide variety of solid and liquid particles, named Aerosol. These particles can affect the radiatif balance, air quality in urban environment and can change the composition of the atmosphere. The atmospheric gas phase can react with the vegetation and the buildings containing the urban grime. This work is focused on the investigations of the heterogeneous chemistry between atmospheric gas phase and the urban grime. The aim of the present work is to study the effect of the irradiation on the heterogeneous kinetic of NO2 on pur organic films (pyrene, fluoranthene, phenanthrene) and on organic/inorganic films (pyrene/KNO3, pyrene/Fe2O3, pyrene/KNO3/Fe2O3) as a first attempt to simulate the complexity of the urban grime. A coated flow tube reactor coupled with a NOx analyzer is used to study this kinetic. This work demonstrates the effect of solar radiation on the heterogeneous reaction between gasphase NO2 and the urban grime. The uptake coefficient calculated is a function of the initial NO2 concentration, the relative humidity and the irradiation intensity. We identified after this reaction the formation of nitrous acid and nitric oxide, nitrite ions and 1‐nitropyrene.The nitrous acid is an important compound which dissociates to form the hydroxyl radical and can promote the ozone formation. The results discussed herein suggest that PAHcontaining urban grime on windows and buildings may be a key player in urban air pollution.
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Rachid Ammar. Etude des réactions atmosphériques photoinduites à l’interface air/solide : application au dépôt urbain. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LYO10028⟩. ⟨tel-00866315⟩

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