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Orthographic and phonological coding during L2 visual word recognition in L2 learners : lexical and sublexical mechanisms

Abstract : Orthographic and phonological coding during second language (L2) learning in a school context was examined in the present work. Masked priming techniques revealed that lexical orthographic representations were finely_tuned after only two years of acquisition and that this coding was comparable for words of varying orthographic typically (study 1). Evidence in favour of language non-selectivity during lexical access was uncovered : a cognate inhibition effect emerged in grade 8 for lexical decision (study 2). In addition, tests of cross-language orthographic neighbourhood effects using masked priming revealed cross-language lexical competition in the highest proficiency group only (study 3). Intriguing evidence of facilitation effects in lexical decision for L2 words whose orthography was shared across languages compared to words whose orthography was L2-specific signalled the influence of orthographic typicality during L2 visual word recognition (study 4). Grapheme coding was also shown to be functional after only a few months of L2 learning, though differences emerged across proficiency levels in relation to the orthographic typicality of graphemes (study 5). Finally, evidence was found for the parallel activation of print-to-sound correspondences from both languages in young L2 learners (study 6) and for the influence of first language correspondences on L2 visual word recognition (study 7)
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Eva Commissaire. Orthographic and phonological coding during L2 visual word recognition in L2 learners : lexical and sublexical mechanisms. Psychology. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III; University of Dundee - Ecosse -UK, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LIL30007⟩. ⟨tel-00865011⟩

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