Vers une nouvelle prise en compte de l'esthétique dans la composition de la carte thématique : propositions de méthodes et d'outils

Abstract : We dedicated this work to issues inadequately addressed by the standard methodology of the thematic map. In the first part, we revisited the knowledge about how the map was perceived, interpreted and understood by mobilizing the domains of visual perception and semiotics. Visual semiotics provides a bridge between the study of the meaning of visual forms, important in mapping, and aesthetic approaches that mobilize these visual signs in a much more varied manner. The second part focused successively on several disciplinary approaches. The aesthetics ontology gave us a useful definition, but also an analysis of the generation of aesthetic properties. Iconography provided then the means to describe the semiotical operation. Finally, we took into account the work of some artists and graphic design theorists who have explored the relationship between graphic forms and aesthetic properties. The third section provides a summary of the key ideas of the previous chapters formalized into a set of propositions, whose effectiveness has been tested by surveying 850 geographers. We examine then more specifically the implementation of two ideas: the visualization of different internal visual complexities and the visualization of the colors proportions and relationships on a map. This work leads to justify the development of new approaches to the methodology of thematic mapping, by borrowing concepts, ideas, methods of analysis and assessment tools of the map-image from related disciplines.
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Laurent Jégou. Vers une nouvelle prise en compte de l'esthétique dans la composition de la carte thématique : propositions de méthodes et d'outils. Histoire. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013TOU20017⟩. ⟨tel-00863525⟩

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