Les gravettiens des Pyrénées. Des armes aux sociétés

Abstract : Our thesis relies on the study of gravettian lithic industries from Brassempouy and Isturitz famous Pyrenean caves, located at an orthodromic distance of only about 70 kilometers. Then, we made a comparison with others Pyrenean sites, both with bibliographical data and new studies of Tercis and Mugarduia Sur, in order to comprehend the chronological heart (and cultural?) of the gravettian phenomenon. In a third stage, we widened our comparisons with the whole French and European territory, always on the basis of lithic industry but by keeping reflexions which widely call for Art and symbolic fields. From the observation of an ostentatious value attached to some Brassempouy's lithic points, we bring new clues in favour of a unitarian and European reading of the gravettian phenomenon previously illustrated by the female figurines. Thus, the recurrence of some lithic points, whose shouldered points represent the most obvious example, within the big gravettian centers which are Brassempouy, The Balzi Rossi, Willendorf or Kostienki comes to consolidate the idea of a European phenomenon of standardization during the Gravettian. The "mythology of female fertility" illustrated by "Venus" preserves its central ideological place but could be complete by a symbolic component more difficult to work out.
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Aurélien Simonet. Les gravettiens des Pyrénées. Des armes aux sociétés. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009TOU20075⟩. ⟨tel-00861372⟩



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