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Étude par RMN de la créatine kinase musculaire et d’un nouveau domaine de liaison à l’ubiquitine dans la protéine STAM2

Abstract : In this thesis, we study two proteins by NMR: the muscular creatine kinase (CK-MM) and the SH3 domain of STAM2 protein, in the free and complexed forms. CK-MM is an active homodimeric enzyme which belongs to the guanidino-phosphagen-kinase family. This enzyme is involved in energetic process in the cell. The aim of this study is to elucidate the functional mode of the CK-MM. For this purpose, we measured R1 and R2 relaxation rates and chemical shit perturbation experiments on the substrate-free CK-MM, the CK-MM/MgADP complex, and the inhibitory ternary complex CK-MM/MgADP-creatine-nitrate. The experiments show that the loop 320s, specific recognition of the substrates, possesses a fast dynamic in absence of substrates (in the order of nano-picosecond) and a slower dynamic in presence of creatine-MgADP-nitrate ion. The binding of the substrate in the two active sites induces of significant conformational modification of the CK-MM. STAM2 protein consists in two ubiquitin binding domains (VHS and UIM) and a SH3 domain which interacts with deubiquinating enzymes AMSH and UBPY. This protein is involved in the lysosomal degradation pathway. The aim of this study is the characterization of the interaction between SH3 domain of STAM2 and ubiquitin. For this, we recorded the R1, R2, nOes relaxation experiments and chemical shift perturbation experiments on the UIM-SH3/ubiquitin complex. These experiments show that SH3 and UIM domains interact each with a single ubiquitin, with affinity of the order of hundred micromolars. The interface between these UBDs and ubiquitin, involves mainly hydrophobic and conserved amino-acids
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Gwladys Rivière. Étude par RMN de la créatine kinase musculaire et d’un nouveau domaine de liaison à l’ubiquitine dans la protéine STAM2. Sciences agricoles. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LYO10285⟩. ⟨tel-00861128⟩

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