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Quelques résultats mathématiques en thermodynamique des fluides compressibles

Abstract : In this thesis, we study the Navier-Stokes-Fourier system describing the flow of compressible fluids both in the steady and unsteady case and we suppose that the fluid is thermally and mechanically isolated. We start with the case of a steady barotropic fluid and Navier boundary conditions. In this situation, the pressure law considered is of the form p(%) = %, where is called the adiabatic constant. We show the existence of weak solutions for > 1. We then extend this result to the complete Navier-Stokes-Fourier system with heat conductivity and slip or partially slip boundary conditions, once again in thesteady case. In this setup, we prove the existence of a specific type of weak solutions, called variationnal entropy solutions, which satisfy the entropy inequality for > 1 and the existence of weak solutions satisfying the conservation of total energy in its weak formulation for > 5/4. We then treat the unsteady flows described by the complete Navier-Stokes-Fourier system on a large class of unbouded domains, first with no-slip boundary conditions and then with the Navier boundary conditions which reduce the class of the admissible unbounded domains. We manage to prove the existence of a specific type of weak solutions verifying the entropy inequality and a dissipation inequality instead of the global conservation of total energy which is no more relevant in the unbounded domains. Afterwards, we establish a new inequality called relative entropy inequality and we show that it is satisfied by some of the weak solutions presented previously. These are called dissipative solutions. Next we show that for any given initial data there exists at least one dissipative solution. This observation allows us toperform the proof of the weak-strong uniqueness principle in the class of dissipative solutions. Precisely, it means that a dissipative solution and a classical one emanating from the same initial data coincide as long as the latter exists. The weak-strong uniqueness property justifies the concept of dissipative solutions in the situation of unbounded domains.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 11, 2013 - 11:52:41 AM
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Didier Jesslé. Quelques résultats mathématiques en thermodynamique des fluides compressibles. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Toulon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013TOUL0002⟩. ⟨tel-00860854⟩

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