L'exemplum en pratiques : production, diffusion et usages des recueils d'exempla latins aux XIIIe-XVe siècles

Nicolas Louis 1
1 Gahom
CRH - Centre de recherches historiques
Abstract : The exemplum is a privileged target for the cultural study of the medieval society. If the research regarding the content of those edifying anecdotes is already well advanced, the analysis of the real audiences and concrete uses of the exempla remained yet to be undertaken. Because the expansion and characterization of this typology is directly linked with the emergence of the collections of exempla, our investigation was based on this kind of works. To succeed with this project, we used the information existing in the manuscripts copies and in medieval booklists. With these two kinds of sources, we analysed books as physical objects (cover, writing, etc.), vehicles of culture (versions, surrounding works, etc.) and historical witness (purchase, legacies, etc.). The thesis focused on the following central questions: how did books of exempla diffused in time and space? Which works achieved success? Who were the owners of these books? How did they read and use them? Unlike a common vision of exempla collections produced and used within the preaching, this global study shows, on the one hand, the great diversity of production environments and aims intended by exempla compilers, as well as, on the second hand, an equally important variety concerning diffusion and real uses of such works.
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Nicolas Louis. L'exemplum en pratiques : production, diffusion et usages des recueils d'exempla latins aux XIIIe-XVe siècles. Histoire. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS); Facultés Universitaires Notre Dame de la Paix, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-00860685⟩

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