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HBZ-induced functional deregulation of menin - new insights into the mechanism of telomerase activation during HTLV-1-mediated leukemogenesis

Abstract : Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an aggressive lymphoproliferative disorder associated with human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection. Reactivation of telomerase, a critical event in tumor progression observed in late phases of ATL development, has been shown to be caused by HBZ (HTLV-1 bZIP factor), a regulatory protein encoded by the negative strand of the HTLV-1 genome. The HBZ-mediated up-regulation of the telomerase catalytic subunit is dependent on JunD, which in the cellular context occurs in the complex with menin, the product of the MEN-1 tumor suppressor gene. Interaction with menin represses JunD-dependent transcription and converts JunD into a growth suppressor, whereas it acts as a growth promoter in the absence of menin. My results demonstrate that the viral protein HBZ abrogates tumor suppressor function of menin, resulting in the activation of JunD transcriptional activity and finally in the up-regulation of its target gene, the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). I showed that HBZ, JunD and menin can coexist in the same protein complex and that HBZ and menin exert opposite effects on JunD transcriptional activity. Moreover menin inhibits the JunD-mediated activation of the hTERT proximal promoter and HBZ is able to counteract this effect. Finally, I proposed that HBZ, by recruiting p300 histone acetyltransferase, reverses the histone deacetylation conducted by menin-recruited HDACs and therefore up-regulates the expression of the hTERT gene.Altogether, my work led to the identification of the molecular mechanism leading to the functional impairment of the menin tumor suppressor, which results in the deregulation of AP-1 signaling in HTLV-1 infected cells. Finally this work gave new insights into the mechanism of the transcriptional up-regulation of the hTERT gene upon HTLV-1 infection, being a key event during the development of Adult T-cell leukemia and a necessary step towards the progression into more aggressive courses.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00860179
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 10, 2013 - 11:12:13 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 3:06:44 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00860179, version 1

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Malgorzata Borowiak. HBZ-induced functional deregulation of menin - new insights into the mechanism of telomerase activation during HTLV-1-mediated leukemogenesis. Cellular Biology. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013ENSL0828⟩. ⟨tel-00860179⟩

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