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Méthode géométrique de séparation de sources non-négatives : applications à l'imagerie dynamique TEP et à la spectrométrie de masse

Wendyam Ouedraogo 1, 2
2 LOAD - Laboratoire Outils d'Analyse des Données
DM2I - Département Métrologie Instrumentation & Information : DRT/LIST/DM2I
Abstract : This thesis addresses the problem of non-negative blind source separation (i.e. positive or zero quantities). The situation of linear instantaneous mixtures of non-negative sources occurs in many problems of signal and image processing, such as decompositions of signals measured by a spectrometer (mass spectra, Raman spectra, infrared spectra), decomposition of images (medical, multi-spectral and hyperspectral) or estimating of the activity of a radionuclide. In these problems, the sources are inherently non-negative and this property should be preserved during their estimation, in order to get physical meaning components. Most of existing non-negative blind source separation methods require ``strong" assumptions on sources (such as mutual independence, local dominance or total additivity), which are not always satisfied in practice. In this work, we propose a new geometrical method for separating non-negative sources. The mixing matrix and the sources are estimated by finding the minimum aperture simplicial cone containing the scatter plot of mixed data. The proposed method does not require the mutual independence of the sources, neither their decorrelation, nor their local dominance, or their total additivity. One condition is necessary and sufficient: the positive orthant must be the unique minimum aperture simplicial cone cone containing the scatter plot of the sources. The proposed algorithm is successfully evaluated in two different problems of non-negative sources separation. In the first situation, we perform the separation of mass spectra measured at the output of a liquid chromatograph to identify and quantify the different metabolites (small molecules) present in the urine of rats treated with phenobarbital . In the second situation, we estimate the different pharmacokinetics compartments of the radiotracer [18F]-FDG in human brain, from a set of 3D PET images of this organ, without blood sampling. Among these pharmacokinetics, arterial input function is of great interest to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-cancer treatment in oncology.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 9, 2013 - 11:52:41 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 1:00:04 PM
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Wendyam Ouedraogo. Méthode géométrique de séparation de sources non-négatives : applications à l'imagerie dynamique TEP et à la spectrométrie de masse. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Université de Grenoble; Université de Tunis El Manar, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENT098⟩. ⟨tel-00859690⟩

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