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The development of thermal and spectroscopic methods for the characterization of catalysts for CO2 storage

Abstract : CO2 capture via adsorption process on porous materials (adsorbents) is a promising alternative due to its high selectivity and low energy penalties. We have investigated in-situ CO2 adsorption on solid adsorbents by combining Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform spectroscopy (DRIFT) with infrared thermography to better understand the mechanisms controlling CO2-adsorbent interactions and thus optimize its capture in post-combustion capture processes. Infrared thermography is used to detect the transient heat source coming from the adsorbent surface during CO2 adsorption. A heat transfer model has been developed in order to estimate the adsorption heats. A model chemical reactor designed for DRIFT allowed us to clearly evidence the adsorbed species and to study the surface species evolution according to the temperature and the surrounding atmosphere. Finally, the coupling of information coming from the two approaches allowed us a high-throughput investigation of key parameters for the selection of the most efficient adsorbents.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 5, 2013 - 1:57:20 PM
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José Flavio Benevides Ferreira. The development of thermal and spectroscopic methods for the characterization of catalysts for CO2 storage. Other. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013BOR14812⟩. ⟨tel-00858419⟩

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