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Theses

Tameness for actions of affine group schemes and quotient stacks

Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is to understand how to generalize the ramification theory for actions by affine group schemes with a particular interest for the notion of tameness. As general context for this summary, we consider an affine basis S := Spec(R) where R is a commutative, unitary ring, an affine, finitely presented, Noetherian scheme X := Spec(B) over S, a flat, finitely presented, affine group scheme G := Spec(A) over S and an action of G on X that we denote by (X, G). Finally, we denote [X/G] the quotient stack associated to this action and we set Y := Spec(BA) where BA is the ring of invariants for the action (X, G). Moreover, we suppose that the inertia stack is finite.As reference point, we take the classical theory of ramification for rings endowed with an action of a finite, abstract group. In order to understand how to generalize this theory for actions of group schemes, we consider the actions of constant group schemes knowing that the data of such actions is equivalent to the data of rings endowed with an action of a finite abstract group, this being the classical case. We obtain thus in this new context notions generalizing the ring of invariants as a quotient, the inertia group and all their properties. The unramified case is generalized naturally by the free actions. For the tame case, which interests us particularly here, two generalizations are proposed in the literature: the one of tame actions of affine group schemes introduced by Chinburg, Erez, Pappas et Taylor in the article [CEPT96] and the one of tame stacks introduced by Abramovich, Olsson and Vistoli in [AOV08]. It was then natural to compare these two notions and to understand how to generalize the classical properties of tame objects for the actions of affine group schemes. First of all, we traduced algebraically the tameness property on a quotient stack as the exactness of the functor of invariants. This permits to obtain easily thanks to [CEPT96] that tame actions define always tame quotient stacks. For the converse, we only manage to prove it when we suppose G to be finite, locally free over S and X flat over Y . We are able to see that the notion of tameness for a ring endowed with an action of a finite, abstract group Γ is equivalent to the fact that all the inertia group schemes at the topological points are linearly reductive if we consider the action of the constant group scheme corresponding to Γ over X. It was thus natural to wonder if this property was also true in general. In fact, the article [AOV08] characterizes the fact that the quotient stack [X/G] is tame by the fact that the inertia group schemes at the geometric points are linearly reductive.Again, if we consider the case of rings endowed with an action of a finite, abstract group, it is well known that these actions can be totally reconstructed from an action involving an inertia group. When we consider actions by constant group schemes, this is translated as a slice theorem, that is, a local description of the initial action by an action involving an inertia group. For example, we establish that the fact that an action is free is a "local property" for the fppf topology and this can be translated also as a "local" slice theorem. Thanks to [AOV08], we already know that a tame quotient stack [X/G] is locally isomorphic for the fppf topology to a quotient stack [X/H], where H is an extension of the inertia group in a point of Y . When G is finite over S, it was possible to show that H is also a subgroup of G. In this thesis, it was not possible to obtain a slice theorem in this generality. However, when G is commutative, finite over S, it is possible to prove the existence of a torsor, if we suppose [X/G] to be tame. This permits to prove a slice theorem when G is commutative, finite over S and [X/G] is tame.
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Sophie Marques. Tameness for actions of affine group schemes and quotient stacks. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013BOR14810⟩. ⟨tel-00858404⟩

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