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Systèmes à fermions lourds à base d'Ytterbium : une instrumentation novatrice avec un enjeux fondamental

Abstract : In this thesis, three Yb-based heavy fermion compounds, YbCu2Si2, YbCo2Zn20 and YbRh2Si2, are studied under extreme conditions, i.e, high pressure, low temperatures and high magnetic fields. An important part of the work has been the set up of an in-situ tuning pressure device to measure diamond anvil cells at dilution fridge temperatures. This has enable most of the experimental results presented here. In YbCu2Si2 the nature of the pressure-induced magnetic order that arises for P> 8 GPa has been clarified to be ferromagnetic by ac-susceptibility and magnetization measurements under pressure. The interplay of magnetism and valence change has been investigated by measuring the valence of the title compound at high pressures and low temperatures using resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS). As expected, pressure favors the trivalent state but the Yb ion valence remains below 3 even at the highest pressure and at low temperatures very close to the onset of the magnetic order. We have also performed a detailed search for signatures of metamagnetism. The second part of my thesis focuses on YbCo2Zn20. We have extended the (P-T) phase diagram up to 14 GPa by ac-calorimetry and ac-susceptibility measurements. Our results shed some light on the nature of the magnetic order that arises for P>1 GPa which is antiferromangetic. The strong field effects observed in the physical properties in YbCo2Zn20 are probably related to the interaction between the magnetic field and the spin of the 4f electrons rather than to their charge as the valence of the Yb ion is insensitive to the application of a magnetic field of 10 T. The final part of this thesis is devoted to the detailed study of the (H-T) phase diagram under pressure in YbRh2Si2 to determine the evolution of the magnetic ordering temperatures as a function of H and P to better understand the interplay of the two control parameters.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 5, 2013 - 11:17:14 AM
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Amalia Fernandez-Panyella. Systèmes à fermions lourds à base d'Ytterbium : une instrumentation novatrice avec un enjeux fondamental. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENY050⟩. ⟨tel-00858322⟩

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