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Les exemples grecs des Institutions grammaticales, héritages et doctrines

Abstract : The Greek examples included in Priscian's comprehensive grammar of latin (Constantinople, ca. 525) make the corpus of this dissertation. The first part is an extended introduction which presents previous research on the topic and evaluates the reliability of Martin Hertz's received edition, established in 1855-59. Some emendations to the Greek text are argued for on the basis of a de visu examination of the manuscript tradition. The second part elaborates a typology of the uses of greek in the grammar, save for technical terms. Through that framework, Priscian's use of greek is confronted to late antique grammatical practice. Thus the idea of greek serving as an explanation of latin put in perspective. The third part studies the Greek sources of Priscian's examples, either quoted by name like Apollonius Dyscolus and Herodian, or tacitely used like metrics and dialectology. Priscian appears to handle imperial grammatical authors as later, Byzantine era grammarians do. The fourth focuses on Priscian's comparativist theory and practice, with particular attention to his syntax. We put forward the idea that the quest for conformity between Greek and Latin languages results in a transfer of grammatical rules and notions from latin to greek. Two appendices follow : a comparison of Priscian's text of Greek quotes with the direct tradition, and agreements between Priscian's analysis and that of Greek grammarians.
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Cécile Conduché. Les exemples grecs des Institutions grammaticales, héritages et doctrines. Ordinateur et société [cs.CY]. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LIL30040⟩. ⟨tel-00858001⟩



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