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Caractérisation par diffusion de second harmonique de nanocristaux pour l'imagerie biomédicale

Abstract : Non-centrosymetric nanocrystals show promising nonlinear optical properties for being used as optical labels in bio-imaging applications, with significant interest for observations of long duration and for penetration depth into biological tissues. The development of such biomarkers requires the determination of their nonlinear optical properties to select the best potential markers. In this thesis, Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering (HRS) technique is used to determine nonlinear efficiencies of several nanocystals (BaTiO3, KNbO3, KTP, LiNbO3, ZnO and BiFeO3). These ensemble measurements have been performed on nanocrystals suspensions, for which the influence of parameters such as size, concentration and aggregation state was discussed. BiFeO3nanocrystals offer the best nonlinear optical efficiency compared to other particles, showing their potential as efficient optical biomarkers. Polarisation-resolved measurements have also been performed to retrieve individual coefficients of the nonlinear tensor of the investigated materials and influent parameters such as nanocrystals shape have been identified.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 30, 2013 - 1:12:10 PM
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Cécile Joulaud. Caractérisation par diffusion de second harmonique de nanocristaux pour l'imagerie biomédicale. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENA008⟩. ⟨tel-00856045⟩

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