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COMPETITIVITE DES FILIERES RIZICOLES BURUNDAISES : LE RIZ DE L'IMBO ET LE RIZ DES MARAIS

Abstract : Competitiveness of burundian rice subsectors: the Imbo rice and the swamps rice. Recent and promising culture for the country, rice is cultivated mainly in the plain of Imbo and in swamps of average altitude regions. Local rice is often in competition with imported rice from Asia and Tanzania. Competitiveness analysis of local subsectors starts with the evaluation, at macro-economic level, of all natural (areas, water, climate), human and financial resources, paddy production and processing technologies available within the country. In the second phase, analysis acts, at micro-economic level, to a sample of producers chosen in the two rice subsectors and the agents downstream (collecting, processors and tradesmen). The applied production techniques, the costs engaged in the production process and their output show that the Imbo producers are more productive (more than 5t/ha) and more competitive than those of the swamps regions. The first (Imbo) benefit closed extension services, easy access to inputs, irrigation and agricultural financial systems. However, even if they are less competitive, rice swamps producers are somehow efficient and put in value these swamps that are not usable by other cultures. The imported rice from Asia and Tanzania often arrives to domestic market at a low price than local rice. The improvement of global competitiveness of the rice subsector requires implementation of a mixed institution (private/public) in order to coordinate all of the subsector activities.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 27, 2013 - 4:39:12 PM
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Léonidas Gahiro. COMPETITIVITE DES FILIERES RIZICOLES BURUNDAISES : LE RIZ DE L'IMBO ET LE RIZ DES MARAIS. Sciences de l'environnement. UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE - GEMBLOUX AGRO-BIO TECH; Université de Liège, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00854623⟩

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