L'aristocratie laïque au miroir des récits hagiographiques des pays d'Olt et de Dordogne (Xe-XIe siècles)

Abstract : The present study falls within the scope of the debate about a possible "feudal mutation" around the year 1000. It is concerned with the study of lay aristocracy during the 10th and 11th centuries, by giving equal attention to ideological and material aspects of its social domination. Because the meaning of the transformations that affect diplomatic writing then is in the heart of the matter, we make the choice to work from the hagiographic narratives from the abbeys of Aurillac, Conques and Figeac. But there are also biases in the hagiographic discourse. In order to counterbalance their influence, we have compared as much as possible the data from hagiographic texts with the information available thanks to other types of documents. The demonstration is organized in two steps. Using the methods of hagiology, the first part contextualizes hagiographic production and questions the conditions of its reception: we are led to realize that, if the Latin texts are primaraly intented to be read by clerics, multiple oral channels allowed hagiographers to address also the laity, especially the aristocracy. The second part examines the evolution of aristocratic domination through what can be perceived in the hagiography. It shows that some transformations took place as early as the beginning of the 10th century and that we can therefore speak of "a mutation of the year 900": the ermergence of chivalry, the establishment of feudalism, the rise of the lords, the importance of castles and milites are phenomena which date from this time. Howewer, there are two significant adjustments around the year 1000: aristocratic identity refocuses on castles and the the noble kinship moves from a cognatic conception to another more agnatic.
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Contributor : Fray Sébastien <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 22, 2013 - 5:33:02 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00853564, version 1

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Sébastien Fray. L'aristocratie laïque au miroir des récits hagiographiques des pays d'Olt et de Dordogne (Xe-XIe siècles). Histoire. Université Paris-Sorbonne - Paris IV, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00853564⟩

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