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Rhéologie, localisation de la déformation et histoire des contraintes dans les calcaires du site de Bure

Abstract : In order to demonstrate the feasibility of a radioactive waste repository (HLW) in clay-stone formation, the french national radioactive waste management agency (Andra) started in 2000 to build an underground research laboratory (URL) at Bure in the south of the Meuse district. The target horizon for the laboratory is a 135 m thick layer of argillaceous rock (Callovo-Oxfordian claystone) that lies between about 420 and 555 meters below the surface at the URL site. The argillite layer (COX) is surrounded by limestones from the Dogger and the Oxfordian ages (respectively 164,7 to 175,6 Ma and 161,2 to 164,7 Ma). Numerous stylolites were found in these limestones. The aim of this work is to study the rheology of these stylolite-riched horizons and the stylolites as stress gauges in the Dogger and Oxfordian formations. In this work, a wide range of samples with and without stylolites were sampled in the Dogger and Oxfordian formations. Petrophysical measurements and microstructural studies showed that all these limestones have a microporous structure. We showed that the stylolites induced significant variations in some physical properties and in the rock strength. Based on an analytical model, presented here in details, linking a characteristic length associated to the stylolite morphology and the stress associated to the development of that stylolite, a method for the morphology analysis of stylolites is developed, using a Fourier power spectrum technique, by taking into account all the difficulties linked to the use of cores from deep boreholes. We apply this method on stylolites at various depths, starting from the Oxfordian formation at a depth of 158 meters to the Dogger formation at a depth of 800 meters. No stylolites are found in the intermediate Callovo-Oxfordian claystone formation. We analyze 1D profiles taken on the outer part of the cores. In agreement with theoretical predictions, we always observe two regimes for small and large scales separated by a cross-over length. We, then, infer the corresponding paleostresses from this cross-over length and from the elastic properties of the rocks. Considering the geological evolution of the area, we discuss the variation with depth of the inferred paleostresses in the Dogger and Oxfordian formations.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 22, 2013 - 10:32:23 AM
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Alexandra Rolland. Rhéologie, localisation de la déformation et histoire des contraintes dans les calcaires du site de Bure. Sciences de la Terre. Université de Strasbourg, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013STRAH001⟩. ⟨tel-00853208⟩

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