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Modélisation et contrôle du moteur à allumage commandé pour Euro 6

Abstract : This thesis has been developed thanks to a Conventions Industrielles de Formation par la Recherche (CIFRE)1 agreement, that is a program of the french agency Association nationale de la recherche et de la Technologie(ANRT), coordinated by the Centre nationale de la recherche scientifique (CNRS). The CIFRE program grants the Franch companies who engage a PhD student to carry out a research project of the company within a public research lab. For this thesis, a CIFRE agreement has been accorded between the automobile company Renault France and the scientific laboratories Gipsa Lab in Grenoble and PRISME in Orléans.This thesis is focused on the modeling of a detailed description of the 0D combustion process and the estimation of the enclosed mass in the combustion chamber for a Spark Ignited (SI) engine. The main developments are summarized as follows:-The combustion process is frequently modeled as growing flame inside of the combustion chamber. Many 0D thermodynamical Engine models mostly focus on the laminar characteristics of such a free developing ame, but they lack of a suitable approximation of the combustion when the ame reaches the cylinder walls. In this thesis, a flame-wall interaction model is proposed as a complement of a 0D two zones thermodynamical model.-The estimation of the total mass enclosed in the combustion chamber is an interesting and challenging task for the engine control community. In this thesis, two nonlinear observers are synthesized for the enclosed mass estimation: a classical nonlinear high gain observer and an extended linear parameter varying (LPV) high gain observer.-A controller for a common rail injection system is developed in this thesis. First, an input state linearization of a common rail model is performed, in order to overcome the strong nonlinearities and build a virtual linear model. Using the virtual model, two linear control strategies are implemented to regulate the common rail pressure: an optimal linear quadratic regulator LQR with integral action and an optimal LQR tracking (feedforward) with integral action strategy.
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Maria Adelina Rivas Caicedo. Modélisation et contrôle du moteur à allumage commandé pour Euro 6. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENT066⟩. ⟨tel-00849128⟩

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