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Etude expérimentale et modélisation de l’oxydation sèche d’une poudre de nanoparticules de cuivre

Abstract : The oxidation of copper nanoparticles at 120 – 145°C was investigated using TGA, DSC, XRD, SEM, TEM and nitrogen adsorption techniques (BET, BJH,..). Isothermal and isobaric studies of the oxidation reaction were carried out under various oxygen partial pressures 1 kPa – 40 kPa. The cuprous oxide (Cu2O) (the unique product of the reaction) grows in an anisotropic manner by outward diffusion of the copper. A considerable decrease of the specific surface area and the porosity of the powder during the transformation was highlighted.It was found that working under P(O2) ≤ 4 kPa leads to reaction where nucleation of Cu2O is in competition with its growth. The study of the dependency of the growth rate on the oxygen partial pressure has shown the adsorption of oxygen to be the rate-determining step. However, when the reaction is conducted under P(O2) ≥ 20 kPa, the nucleation occurs instantaneously in the early beginning of the reaction which will be governed by the growth process. Under these latter conditions of oxygen partial pressure the diffusion of copper ionized vacancies becomes the rate determining step. Hence, two kinetic models have been established to interpret the experimental curves in the two different oxygen partial pressure ranges. The expression of the extent of conversion was successfully confronted to the kinetic data up to an extent of conversion corresponding to the slowdown of the reaction. The kinetic model for P(O2) ≤ 4 kPa was coupled with mass and heat transfer within the porous agglomerate to verify if the diffusion of oxygen molecules in pores is in the origin of the reaction slowdown, this latter hypothesis was found not satisfactory.
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Mounir Mansour. Etude expérimentale et modélisation de l’oxydation sèche d’une poudre de nanoparticules de cuivre. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013EMSE0697⟩. ⟨tel-00846994⟩

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