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Étude fonctionnelle de la région intracellulaire d’ABCG2 et modulation d’ABCG2 et ABCB1 humains par des petidomimétiques non compétitifs

Abstract : Resistance to chemotherapy is partly due to efflux pumps expressed in the plasma membrane which prevent the accumulation of anticancer drugs in the tumour cells. Three human ATP-binding Cassette (ABC) transporters are particularly involved in this phenotype: P-gp/ABCB1, MRP1/ABCC1, and the last discovered BCRP/ABCG2. Because of their involvement in chemoresistance, it is critical to understand the mechanism by which those ABC transporters recognize and transport drugs. The mutagenesis study of the intracellular loops, ICL0 and 1 shows that these loops are involved in this mechanism. Two amino acids were particularly remarkable: W379 which act as a substrate filter and H457 which can be involved in substrate recognition and binding. In order to restore the cancer cell sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs, we have developed a new class of peptide inhibitors, specific to one transporter. A structure-activity relationship study has been performed and made it possible to develop a second generation of molecules. The most efficient compound inhibiting ABCB1 (CT1347) or ABCG2 (CT1364) have none or limitated cytotoxic effects. These compounds restore the activity of chemotherapeutic drugs and act as non competitive inhibitors. Moreover, CT1364 inhibits the ATP hydrolysis activity and lead to a rapid reduction of ABCG2 expression. Initial in vivo tests that have been carried out with CT1364 associated with irinotecan allow to observe a growth reduction of small mice xenografts
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Ophélie Arnaud. Étude fonctionnelle de la région intracellulaire d’ABCG2 et modulation d’ABCG2 et ABCB1 humains par des petidomimétiques non compétitifs. Sciences agricoles. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LYO10091⟩. ⟨tel-00846207⟩

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