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Theses

Pompage de spin et absorption de spin dans des hétérostructures magnétiques

Abstract : In magnetic heterostructures, the interaction between itinerant conduction electrons with localized electrons is at the origin of effects such as the spin momentum transfer, spin pumping or the spin Hall effect. This thesis is centred on the phenomenon of spin pumping, which states that a precessing ferromagnetic (FM) layer injects a pure spin current into its adjacent metallic layers. This spin current can be partially or fully absorbed by a spin sink layer, placed directly in contact with the ferromagnet or separated by a spacer layer. The absorption of the transverse component of the spin current results in an enhancement of the effective damping of the precessing ferromagnet which we have studied using ferromagnetic resonance experiments for three different ferromagnets (NiFe, CoFeB and Co) as the precessing FM layer and various paramagnets (Pt, Pd, Ru), ferromagnets or an antiferromagnet as the spin sink layer. As a first step we have verified that the additional non-local damping is Gilbert type, and that it depends inversely on the thickness of the FM precessing layer. The analysis of the enhanced damping was done in the frame of an adiabatic spin pumping model proposed by Tserkovnyak et al. Within this model we extracted as a second step the interfacial spin mixing conductance parameters g↑↓ for various interfaces, which determine the spin current transport through FM/NM interfaces. A third important result of the thesis concerns the absorption length of spin currents in ferromagnets and paramagnets which we found can be very different. In ferromagnets the spin current absorption is linear with the spin sink layer thickness, with a characteristic length of ~1nm. This is consistent with theory and the spin dephasing length for spin momentum transfer in ferromagnets. In paramagnets such as Pt, Pd, Ru, the spin current absorption is either linear or exponential depending on whether the paramagnetic is directly in contact with the FM or separated by a thin Cu spacer layer. The corresponding characteristic length is less than the spin diffusion length. Complementary X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements revealed induced magnetic moments in paramagnets like Pd, Pt when directly or indirectly coupled with a FM layer. This provides an explanation for the linear thickness dependence for the direct contact heterostructures. Since spin pumping and spin transfer torque (STT) are reciprocal processes the results of this thesis on the spin mixing conductances, spin absorption length scales and induced moments will also be of great interest for studies on spin momentum transfer, Spin Hall effect and Inverse Spin Hall effect. The convenience being that these studies can be done on continuous films and no nanofabrication is required.
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Abhijit Ghosh. Pompage de spin et absorption de spin dans des hétérostructures magnétiques. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENY090⟩. ⟨tel-00846031⟩

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