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Theses

Génération de surface nanostructurées par le contrôle des interactions aux interfaces

Abstract : The purpose of this work is to develop a methodology based on the control of interactions at substrate/deposited material interfaces in order to achieve well-defined structures at the nanoscale (nanostructuration). In particular, silane molecules were grafted onto planar substrates to adjust the physico-chemical interactions in order to consequently control block copolymers / gold nanoparticles self-assemblies. The first part describes the experimental set-up developed to graft alkyl silanes through vapor phase strategy. The modification can be finely tuned such that homogeneously or gradually functionalized surfaces with either one or two silanes (or- or two-component substrate, respectively) are obtained. The versatility and simplicity of our process were demonstrated by wettability measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and microscopic analysis (AFM) performed on these different surfaces. The second part points out the influence of grafting density and polarity on block copolymers self-assembly. PS-b-PMMA films were first used. With using homogeneously-modified substrates, it has been demonstrated that block copolymers self-assembly depends on substrate surface chemistry, and different cases (dewetting, wetting, parallel or perpendicular orientation of nanodomains) were achieved as a function of the grafting density of silanes on the substrate. Using gradually-modified surface, these different nanostructures were obtained on one unique sample. Moreover, by using appropriate deposition conditions with another block copolymer (PS-b-PI), well-oriented nanostructured films were obtained without pre-functionalization or annealing, regardless of film thickness. In the third part influence of surface chemistry on gold nanoparticles deposited through capillary/convective assembly is investigated and characterized by dark field microscopy. The careful selection of silane in conjunction with appropriate grafting density are adjusted in order to emphasize the impact of these parameters on the assembly process and therefore on the surface nanostructures. This study demonstrates that the control of interfacial interactions dictates the self-assembly of organic or inorganic materials deposited on a planar substrate.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00845841, version 1

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Grégoire Souharce. Génération de surface nanostructurées par le contrôle des interactions aux interfaces. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0067⟩. ⟨tel-00845841⟩

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