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Identification de champs de propriétés élastiques fondée sur la mesure de champs : application sur un composite tissé 3D

Abstract : In recent decades, composite materials are increasingly used in aerospace. Particularly, 3D woven composite present interesting out-of-plan characteristics compared to laminates. This technology is developed for FAN blades of aircraft engines. The difficulty lies in the identification and validation of the macroscopic elastic orthotropic model of the FAN blade root. Indeed, the assumption of scales separation to obtain the macroscopic parameters by homogenization is not clearly verified in the blade root containing multiple zones. The 3D woven composite forming the blade root is a complex and multi-scale material. The thesis work has been carried out to propose an identification of model parameters based on measurement of displacement fields with Digital Image Correlation (DIC) and the identification method of finite element model updating (FEMU) . This identification has taken into account the influence of noise, coming from the CCD sensor and present on the images utilized for the DIC, on the identification of material parameters. Because of the large number of material parameters to identify and the possible couplings between them, it appears that some of them can not be identified through the tensile test studied. Therefore, a regularization was proposed based on a priori knowledge of the nominal values ​-​-and their uncertainty. This consists in a smart balance regarding the data obtained through the test in order to force the unidentifiable parameters to their nominal value. Finally, the quality of the identification was quantified using the uncertainties on the identified material parameters and residual maps after identification based on images. These maps reflect the ability of the calculated displacement to match the corrected deformed image on the reference image, images with which the DIC is performed. These residual maps and uncertainties on material parameters allow to validate the finite element model and propose an appropriate tool to highlight its shortcomings. Challenging nominal or modeling (eg material zones) to achieve a description consistent with the experience remains the responsibility of the engineer. The work presented here allows him to enlighten its choices.
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Renaud Gras. Identification de champs de propriétés élastiques fondée sur la mesure de champs : application sur un composite tissé 3D. Autre. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012DENS0088⟩. ⟨tel-00845752⟩

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