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Theses

Zéolithisation de supports en alluminium pour la décontamination moléculaire en orbite

Abstract : In low earth orbit, global performances of satellites can be affected by contamination of critical surfaces as optical devices and detectors. On-orbit molecular contamination is due to outgassed organic pollutants emanating from spacecraft materials. One way to reduce and eliminate this phenomenon is the use of molecular adsorbents. Among them, zeolites appear to be relevant materials for contaminants retaining. Unlike common powder materials, zeolites films can also avoid the secondary dust contamination due to particles breeding and can be easily inserted in the satellite structure. As a consequence, this work deals with the synthesis of zeolite films on aluminium alloys widely used in aerospace industry for their attractive mechanical properties. When attempting to elaborate microporous films of FAU, EMT or *BEA-type zeolites selected for their relevant sorption capacities, their corrosive synthesis media dissolves the aluminium substrate. To solve this problem, a bottom layer composed of MFI-type zeolite is synthesized and acts as a protective barrier for aluminium alloys. This study is thus dedicated to the development of zeolite hybrid films composed by two different structure-type layers. Various parameters such as crystallinity, homogeneity, film thickness and adhesion between both zeolite layers and the substrates were particularly studied in order to elaborate space-qualified materials. Once calcined, the sorption capacities of these hybrid films were identical to corresponding powders. Moreover, by optimizing the calcination step, the mechanical properties of the starting aluminium alloys are kept.
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Natacha Lalatiana Lauridant. Zéolithisation de supports en alluminium pour la décontamination moléculaire en orbite. Autre. Université de Haute Alsace - Mulhouse, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012MULH8412⟩. ⟨tel-00845636⟩

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