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Electrodéposition et la caractérisation de nanofilms palladium sur Au (111) pour le stockage d'hydrogène Electro-deposition and characterization of palladium nanofilms on Au (111) for hydrogen storage

Abstract : This thesis focused on electro-deposition, characterization andhydrogen strorage of ultrathin palladium film over Au(111). Theelectrochemical characterization of the nanofilms in sulphuric mediumshows well-defined features evolving with the deposit thickness. Wecould assign each peak to a specific reaction, in agreement with thegrowth mechanisms revealed by in situ SXRD measurements. Thepseudomorphic growth of the 1st layer firstly undergoes an adsorptionstep, followed by nucleation and growth mechanism, as shown bycurrent transient measurements. 3D growth of the 3rd layer beginsbefore the completion of the second pseudomorphic one.Hydrogen absorption in the nanofilms was studied in sulphuric mediumas well. Isotherms show an enlargement of the solid solution domain, asloppy plateau in the two-phase region, a decrease of maximuminsertion ratio (H/Pd)max compared to bulk Pd. This last valuedecreases with film thickness, approaching bulk Pd beyond about15 ML. Two contributions were considered to explain the isothermbehaviour: the two first Pd layers heavily constraint by the substrateand the 3D “towers like” relaxed structures growing on the secondpseudomorphic Pd layer.
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Liang Wang. Electrodéposition et la caractérisation de nanofilms palladium sur Au (111) pour le stockage d'hydrogène Electro-deposition and characterization of palladium nanofilms on Au (111) for hydrogen storage. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENI041⟩. ⟨tel-00845461⟩

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