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Simulation numérique directe d’écoulements à l’aide d’une méthode de frontière immergée

Abstract : Since several years, the research conducted at the CORIA laboratory led to the development of a numerical tool (ARCHER) alllowing direct numerical simulations of two phase flows. In particular, the simulations of high speed liquid jet primary break-up have been strongly investigated. These simulations are able to capture primary break-up phenomena near the nozzle exit where experimental characterisations are difficult to conduct. These simulations need injection conditions tricky to gauge a priori, since they depend on the flow characteristics inside the nozzle. Moreover, some jets are highly sensitive to these injection conditions. Therefore, it becomes necessary to simulate the flow inside the nozzle to better understand this sensitive nature. The objective to simulate the whole atomization system guided the present work dedicated to the use of an immersed boundary method (IBM). Such an approach allows reproducing flows inside nozzles of arbitrary shape while keeping the original cartesian mesh valuable for numerical efficiency and accuracy. As a first step, the implementation of an IBM in ARCHER was carried out and tested on channels, pipes and uniform flows past a circular cylinder. An industrial application focused on the flow inside a triple disk compound injector. This work led to a refined description of the secondary flow origin in the discharge hole. In order to move towards the design of a numerical tool able to simulate the whole injection system, a coupling between IBM and the Ghost Fluid Method (GFM) has been found necessary. This allows accounting for two phase flows inside the nozzle where the dynamics of the triple line has to be considered. The bidimensional developments have been tested on drops released on walls. This version enabled to simulate flows inside channels with different ratios of length over diameter and the flow inside a convergent nozzle. The simultaneous computation of flows inside and outside nozzle has enabled to link the velocity fluctuations of internals flows to the surface setting-up gene-rated on external flows.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00845203, version 1

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Emeline Noël. Simulation numérique directe d’écoulements à l’aide d’une méthode de frontière immergée. Autre [cond-mat.other]. INSA de Rouen, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAM0020⟩. ⟨tel-00845203⟩

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