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Evaluation du potentiel textile des fibres d'Alfa (Stipa Tenacissima L.) : caractérisation physico-chimique de la fibre au fil

Abstract : Given the specific properties of Alfa plant, its high fibrous potential, its conditions of production and its processing very ecological, we proposed to study the extraction of cellulosic fibers for textile applications. The extraction is carried out following different ways: mechanical, chemical and enzymatic. In light of the different characteristics of these fibers obtained from different extraction methods, we established correlations between the structure and properties of cellulosic fibers 1, 2 and 3 fibers, resulting from the different extraction ways have been compared in order to better assess: on the one hand, their physico-chemical characteristics (fineness and length, density, SEM, FTIR-ATR, X-ray diffraction, wetting behavior and surface energy, moisture regain, absorption-desorption kinetics ...) and mechanical properties, on the other hand. The efficiency of each treatment was approved by the phasing out of non-cellulosic components and the obtaining of long fibers ready to be integrated into the process of textile processing. In a second step, we produced yarns by the conventional ring spinning method, in order to get an organized and consistent structure. Thus, the textile potential of Alfa fibers has been confirmed. Wastes from spinning (very short fibers) were dissolved in an ecological solvent: NMMO. The concentrated solution was extruded through a spinneret according to the wet spinning process applied to the Lyocell fibers. Finally, a comparison between the fibers extracted from Alfa stems, filaments obtained by coagulation and other natural fibers commonly used in the textile industry was conducted throughout this study to properly situate Alfa fibers in the general landscape of textile fibers.
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Mohamed Dallel. Evaluation du potentiel textile des fibres d'Alfa (Stipa Tenacissima L.) : caractérisation physico-chimique de la fibre au fil. Autre. Université de Haute Alsace - Mulhouse, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012MULH6853⟩. ⟨tel-00844129⟩

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