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Theses

Spatialité des frontières : géophilosophie d'après Michel Foucault et Gilles Deleuze

Abstract : The issue of borders is currently borne by political, economic and social emergency, which accounts for reverting to space-related questions, especially in the form of questioning limits, in social sciences, geopolitics and philosophy. The development of what is commonly known as globalization brings forth the idea that they might disappear in the mid- or short-term. It is therefore necessary to set up a concept and a typology of borders and their relation to space in order to decide on the possible reality of their disappearance.The first item goes thus : despite the apparently obvious homogeneity we get from immediate experience, space is a heterogeneous construction among whose elements appears the political space, in which borders take an essential part. Space is made of strata, which pile upon a sheerly material expanse. In between this expanse and the primary stratum of space lies a synaptic area that we call ground. It is a necessary condition for strata to operate the seizure of matter. Among the various modes of space, one also has to take into account rhizomatic spaces such as economy networks and communication networks. Spaces thus identified as strata, together with their rhizomatic complements, make up the perceptive space, the individual territory as was defined by Deleuze and Guattari, a social space, a discursive space and the crease formes by subjectivity. The political space plays its part by synthesizing these different spaces. Each stratum has its own immanent, specific form of limit, as well as a cross-stratum limit that allows for its relationship with contiguous strata. Although borders work as limits within the political stratum, they also act as a meta-limit that corresponds with the constituting role of the political space. It is the one stratum that allows the others to operate together. The border therefore plays a synthetisizing part in the construction of space in general. The border monopolizes the functions of all other limits; its existence allows the political space to play its synthesizing role.
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Sébastien Conry. Spatialité des frontières : géophilosophie d'après Michel Foucault et Gilles Deleuze. Philosophie. Université de Bourgogne, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012DIJOL035⟩. ⟨tel-00841647⟩

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