L'Art de la Ruse. Etude lexicale, rhétorique et dramaturgique de la ruse dans les comédies de Molière

Abstract : The characteristics of the crafty behavior of trickery, and the surprising variety of domains where it appears and is put into practice, makes this mind phenomenon a preferential subject in Moliere’s dramatic production. To raise crucial questions on self-delusion, imposture, powers of imagination and his disorders, Moliere’s comic theatre constructs plots making use of deceptive appearances, simulacrum and discrepancy between being and appearance, characterized in the practice of trickery. The necessity to cut down the despotic power of the characters holding the key of decision, or to achieve a given goal, calls for a gentle and concealed method of confrontation led by the trickster. His trickery worms its way into the mind of a prey using a persuasive strategy drawn from the science of sophistic rhetoric and designed according to the passions of the opponent in the sole purpose to convince him by fictitious fabrications that might put him at the mercy of the trickster. The confrontation scene creates the energy of the trickery performance thanks to the virtuosity of the trickster’s acting who engages himself in scenic gestures, pantomimes and expressive outburst intended to seduce the audience before the prey. The extreme characters of the dupes, their comical reactions, the elation of the trickster’s performances allow the audience to notice the defects of his society, laugh with them and to live euphoric moments created by the comedy of trickery.
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Houssein Seddik. L'Art de la Ruse. Etude lexicale, rhétorique et dramaturgique de la ruse dans les comédies de Molière. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009PA030101⟩. ⟨tel-00841433⟩

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