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Impact d'une invalidation de LXRα sur la physiologie prostatique : un dialogue avec la signalisation androgénique

Abstract : Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is a very common prostatic disorder that affects 50% of men after 60 years. In BPH, prostate enlargement causes urinary disorders. BPH is characterized by a hypertrophy of several tissue compartments such as the epithelium, stroma and/or muscle fibers. Hence, three main forms of BPH have been described : glandular, fibrous and muscular form. It has been recently shown that LXR (Liver‐X‐receptor) α (lxrα‐/‐) mice develop a prostate enlargement with histological signs of fibrous BPH. Inhibition of testosterone conversion into DHT is one the most effective pharmacological treatment of BPH. Thus, the lxrα‐/‐ prostate phenotype could be in part due to an alteration of androgen signaling. In this context, the aim of this work was to study the role of LXR in glandular BPH development and to understand the relationships between LXRα and the androgen receptor (AR) dependent signaling pathway in prostate. The prostate enlargement observed in lxrα‐/‐ mice results from major alterations in epithelium homeostasis mimicking the glandular alteration of BPH : 1) increase of secretory activity ; 2) alteration of the secretory process associated with altered expression of vesicular transport protein encoding genes ; 3) a disruption in the response of androgen‐dependent genes associated with androgen hypersensitivity ; 4) changes in the paracrine network between stroma and epithelium. Finally, this work defines LXRα as a key player in prostate homeostasis and opens interesting way to the understanding of BPH etiology. These results show that targeting LXRα modulate the prostate androgenic response. Thus, pharmacological activation of LXRα could constitute a new option for the treatment of BPH.
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Emilie Viennois. Impact d'une invalidation de LXRα sur la physiologie prostatique : un dialogue avec la signalisation androgénique. Sciences agricoles. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011CLF22185⟩. ⟨tel-00841380⟩

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