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Caractérisation non linéaire de l'endommagement des matériaux composites par ondes guidées

Abstract : Sensitivity of non-linear acoustics techniques to the presence and evolution of micro-damage has been proven on a large scale of materials. In particular, different works showed the use of the nonlinear resonance as a reliable method to characterise damage in heterogeneous materials through the drop of the resonance frequency ƒ and the quality factor Q as a function of the dynamic strain. Therefore, nonlinear hysteretic parameters (NLH) ƒ and Q have only been determined in a narrow frequency band. The present work develops an original approach, which allows to follow the frequency dispersion of ƒ and Q by using guided waves propagating in polymer and metal based composite plates. Furthermore, the guided wave approach made possible the definition of a new NLH parameter V through the A0 Lamb mode. One of the original results is that the ratio V/ƒ remains constant for both materials (~2) despite the considered frequency. This encouraging result allows for the first time to show that it is possible to generalise the NLH behaviour in the case of a plate-like structures using the Lamb formalism. Finally, this present PhD thesis defines a new large frequency band NLH parameter ∆S in order to follow the sensitivity of the vibration spectrum to the present damage. The performed experiments have shown that ∆S can be nonlinear either at the very first excitation levels or at a given threshold. This encouraging experimental result shows that there is a real interest in broadening the frequency domain in order to better understand the changes that occur in heterogeneous materials when the dynamic strain is increased.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00840424, version 1

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Yousra Baccouche. Caractérisation non linéaire de l'endommagement des matériaux composites par ondes guidées. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université du Maine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LEMA1011⟩. ⟨tel-00840424⟩

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