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Etude de la réponse humorale neutralisante contre le Virus de l’Hépatite C

Abstract : Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is the major etiological agent of liver disease in the world with approximately180 million people who are seropositive. The majority (60‐90%) of infected individuals progressesto chronic hepatitis that increases their risk for developing cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.One of the major limitations of HCV research is the lack of efficient in vitro culture systems andappropriateanimal models. vitro direct cell‐binding assay and an infection system of the human HepaRG cell line were developedby using HCVsp. The HepaRG cells possess potent ability to acquire a mature hepatocyte phenotype.The E1E2‐specific mAb D32.10 was shown to inhibit efficiently and specifically high affinityinteractionsthrough glycosaminoglycans and the CD81 tetraspanin between HCVsp and HepaRGcells with an IC50 = 0.5 μg/ml. This inhibition was more efficient when E1E2‐positive envelopedHCVsp were used selectively for binding studies (IC50 < 0.5 μg/ml). Establishment of infection,replication and propagation of HCVsp were shown to depend on the proliferation/differentiationstage of HepaRG cells. Persistent HCV infection in HepaRG cells could be obtained with production ofE1E2/RNA(+) infectious HCV particles. Preliminary data showed a complete early inhibitory effect ofthe D32.10 mAb on virion RNA production in HepaRG culture supernatants (95% at D14 and 80% atD21 post‐infection).Furthermore, the detection of the anti‐E1E2/D32.10‐binding peptide antibodies during natural HCVinfection demonstrated significant prevalence (90%) of these antibodies: (1) in patients whorecovered spontaneously from HCV infection with high titers compared to patients with chronichepatitis C, and (2) in patients who are complete responders compared to non responders toantivirals. Kinetic analyses revealed that the anti‐E1E2/D32.10‐like humoral response appeared veryearly with high titers (≥ 1/1000) and was associated with complete virus eradication. The positiveand negative predictive values (ROC curve analysis) for achieving or not a sustained viral response toantiviral therapy are 100% and 86%, respectively, reflecting diagnostic accuracy. The anti‐E1E2/D32.10‐binding peptide antibodies may thus predict the outcome of HCV infection andrepresent a new relevant pronostic marker in serum for the HCV diagnosis.Convergence of in vitro and in vivo data strongly support the neutralizing activity of the D32.10 mAb,and thus immunotherapeutic potential of this unique anti‐E1E2 D32.10 mAb.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00840367, version 1



Ndiémé Ndongo Thiam. Etude de la réponse humorale neutralisante contre le Virus de l’Hépatite C. Sciences agricoles. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10019⟩. ⟨tel-00840367⟩



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