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Orthogonal Precoder for Dynamic Spectrum Access in Wireless Networks

Abstract : The global deployment of PCS is pushing for more and more network capacity to accommodate an exponentially growing user base. Radio spectrum, the basic resource in radio communications, unfortunately does not follow this growth. Even though the current spectrum usage leaves margins for re-use, it is limited by the current fixed spectrum management policies. To remediate this issue, spectrum regulators are switching to a flexible management paradigm, leveraging new DSA schemes based on CR. In this PhD work, a novel CR-DSA technology is introduced to address spectrum scarcity problem. Called VFDM, it allows two RAT to operate side-by-side in a small-cell CR setting, sharing the band while protecting the legacy system from interference. VFDM transmits data pre-coded on the null-space of the interfering cross channel (channel from the opportunistic transmitter to the legacy receiver), assuming frequency selectivity and TDD communications. This PhD work proposes a rather exhaustive approach to the development of VFDM: to go from the theoretical basis up to a proof-of-concept development. Initially the theoretical background, basis of the technique itself was introduced and analyzed. Then, VFDM was gradually developed from a pure mathematical concept up to a full transceiver. During this development, several important mid-way results were developed, such as the multi-user strategy for pre-coding and critical implementation aspects. VFDM, under certain constraints, has been shown to allow a secondary opportunistic network to successfully be installed along with a legacy primary one at merely the cost of channel knowledge and added complexity. By means of numerical examples, it has been shown that significative rates can be attained, even though VFDM's performance is constrained by the size of the Vandermonde-subspace of the interfering channel between the secondary transmitter and primary receiver. Finally, a working VFDM transceiver implementation is shown, providing a proof-of-concept of the technique.
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Leonardo Sampaio Cardoso. Orthogonal Precoder for Dynamic Spectrum Access in Wireless Networks. Other. Supélec; Universidade federal do Ceará, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011SUPL0018⟩. ⟨tel-00839860⟩

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