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Slurry coatings from aluminium microparticles on Ni-based superalloys for high temperature oxidation protection

Abstract : Because of their good mechanical resistance at high temperature, Ni-based superalloys are used for aero-engine and land-based turbines but undergo “dry” oxidation between 900 and 1500°C. These materials are thus coated with nickel-aluminide coatings (BC). An additional thermal barrier coating (TBC) is generally applied in the hottest sections of the turbines (T>1050°C) to lower the impact of the temperature on the substrate. In the framework of the European research programme “PARTICOAT”, this PhD work was focused on the growth mechanisms of a full protective coating system (BC+TBC) in a single step process, using a water-based slurry containing a dispersion of Al micro-particles to satisfy the European environmental directives. The rheological and physico-chemical characterizations showed the slurry stability up to seven days. After depositing the latter by air spraying, a tailored thermal treatment resulted in a nickel-aluminide coating (β-NiAl) similar to the conventional industrial ones but through an intermediate Al liquid phase stage. Simultaneously, the oxidation of the Al micro-particles brought aboutthe formation of a top alumina “foam” (PARTICOAT concept). After a validation step of the mechanisms involved in pure Ni substrate, the extrapolation of the process to several Ni-based superalloys (René N5 (SX), CM-247 (DS), PWA- 1483 (SX) and IN-738LC (EQ)) revealed different coating compositions and microstructures. A particular attention was therefore paid onto the effect of alloying elements (Cr, Ta, Ti) as well as their segregation in the coating. The high temperature behaviour of the coated samples has been studied through isothermal oxidation (1000h in air between 900 and 1100°C) and showed that the oxidation and interdiffusion phenomena ruled the degradation mechanisms. Besides, the electrodeposition of ceria before the application of the PARTICOAT coating allowed to strongly limit interdiffusion phenomena and stabilized the nickel aluminide coating.
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Benoît Rannou. Slurry coatings from aluminium microparticles on Ni-based superalloys for high temperature oxidation protection. Other. Université de La Rochelle, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LAROS377⟩. ⟨tel-00839790⟩

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