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Développement d’une méthode de préconcentration de phosphopeptides sur phase monolithique en puce

Abstract : Protein phosphorylation is a key regulator of cellular signaling pathways. It is involved in most cellular events and strictly controls biological processes such as proliferation, differentiation and gene expression. An abnormal phosphorylation can be observed in various diseases such as some cancers or neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, these proteins are potential biomarkers for the development of diagnostic tools. However, phosphoproteins can be present at low abundance in biological samples and selective enrichment techniques have to be developed prior to the analysis process. One of the most common approaches is based on Immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC). The goal of this work was to develop a microsystem which contains a porous polymer monolith (PPM) as a solid phase extraction for a selective preconcentration of phosphopeptides by IMAC. UV-polymerization and characterization (permeability, porosity and specific area) of a monolith based on ethylene glycol methacrylate phosphate in silica capillaries was first performed. Then, we tried to optimize the different IMAC steps (metal immobilization, sample loading, washing and elution). An efficient immobilization of zirconium on the phosphated PPM was demonstrated by EOF measurements in capillary and confirmed by retention of a model phosphopetide. We demonstrated that the phosphated monolith was also a strong cation exchanger of highly basic peptides. Protocols of loading and elution were also studied but need to be further optimized. Transposition of phosphopeptides enrichment by IMAC on a miniaturized system was then considered. We selected two microchip materials: PDMS is an attractive polymer for its low cost, its ease of microfabrication, its excellent working properties (biocompatibility, UV transparent with low autofluorescence) and many integration possibilities (enrichment, separation and detection) and glass microchip more common and having a good UV transparency. However, PDMS presents two major disadvantages: high absorption property, and oxygen permeability which quench free radical polymerization. Except a few attempts, this material has not been employed successfully as mould for monolith polymerization. To overcome these problems, we investigated several strategies for PDMS surface treatments such as plasma treatment and borosilicate coating. Finally, we demonstrated that our IMAC module performed well on glass microchip. This miniaturized module should be integrated in the future into a microsystem dedicated to the diagnosis of Alzheimer disease.
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Ichraf Ayed. Développement d’une méthode de préconcentration de phosphopeptides sur phase monolithique en puce. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112196⟩. ⟨tel-00839698⟩

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