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Vers une vérification expérimentale de la théorie de la relativité restreinte : réplication des expériences de Charles-Eugène Guye (1907-1921)

Abstract : We focus on an aspect of the history of special relativity theory that has not received much attention yet, namely the search for an experimental verification of the relativistic velocity dependency of inertia. Former historical studies on Kaufmann's 1906 and Bucherer's 1908 experiments are pursued. It is shown that verifying Lorentz-Einstein's formula is still a challenge after 1911. We concentrate here on Charles-Eugène Guye's works with students Simon Ratnowsky (1907-1910) and Charles Lavanchy (1913-1915). The second experiment is shown to be considered as the most precise verification of Lorentz-Einstein's formula by a large number of 1920s physicists. The replication method is used to probe Guye and Lavanchy's experiment. They are able to solve every then known difficulty in successfully performing such an experiment, through a great mastership of the crucial issue of cathode ray emission, together with a specific investigation method.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00839315
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 27, 2013 - 4:48:35 PM
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Yacin Karim. Vers une vérification expérimentale de la théorie de la relativité restreinte : réplication des expériences de Charles-Eugène Guye (1907-1921). Autre [q-bio.OT]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I; Université de Genève, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LYO10089⟩. ⟨tel-00839315⟩

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