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Segmentation of 2D-echocardiographic sequences using level-set constrained with shape and motion priors

Thomas Dietenbeck 1
1 Images et Modèles
CREATIS - Centre de Recherche en Acquisition et Traitement de l'Image pour la Santé
Abstract : The aim of this work is to propose an algorithm to segment and track the myocardium using the level-set formalism. The myocardium is first approximated by a geometric model (hyperquadrics) which allows to handle asymetric shapes such as the myocardium while avoiding a learning step. This representation is then embedded into the level-set formalism as a shape prior for the joint segmentation of the endocardial and epicardial borders. This shape prior term is coupled with a local data attachment term and a thickness term that prevents both contours from merging. The algorithm is validated on a dataset of 80 images at end diastolic and end systolic phase with manual references from 3 cardiologists. In a second step, we propose to segment whole sequences using motion information. To this end, we apply a level conservation constraint on the implicit function associated to the level-set and express this contraint as an energy term in a variational framework. This energy is then added to the previously described algorithm in order to constrain the temporal evolution of the contour. Finally the algorithm is validated on 20 echocardiographic sequences with manual references of 2 experts (corresponding to approximately 1200 images).
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Thomas Dietenbeck. Segmentation of 2D-echocardiographic sequences using level-set constrained with shape and motion priors. Other. INSA de Lyon, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0128⟩. ⟨tel-00838767⟩

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