Effet de masquage fréquentiel dans les vibrations du corps pour un sujet assis

Abstract : In industrialized societies, humans are exposed to multiple sources of vibratory motions. To date, the analyses of the impact of vibratory stimuli as a whole have been well developed, more precisely with respect to perception threshold. Along recent years various studies have been analyzed the influence of some factors involved.However, the effect of one component of the stimulus in to perception of other components has been rarely reported. In this case, little information was found in the literature. In two studies found, the absolute threshold was revalued by integrating a second sinusoidal signal. The threshold value was higher that which has been estimated with the simple stimulus. The increase of threshold has been attributed to a masking effect. Based on these remarks, this study investigates the existence of masking effect for vertical whole body vibration, in particular to sitting position. To examine the masking effect, the difference between absolute and masked thresholds is required. Two types of stimuli have been used: the masking and the test stimulus. The masker is a narrow-band noise from 10 to 20 Hz at three different magnitude levels. The selection of mask stimulus was based on the masking model widely studied in acoustic, visual and vibrotactile areas. The test stimulus is a sinusoidal modulated amplitude signal at six different frequencies (30, 35, 40, 50, 60, 80 Hz). The frequency dependence of the absolute threshold estimated is similar to the results presented in other studies. The stimulus detection in the presence of the masking signal has been prevented. Therefore, it is certainly clear that the masking phenomenon occurred. The masked thresholds values were considerably higher than those absolute thresholds. The threshold decreases as a function of test frequency and the mask effect is more important at high than at low intensity masker levels. The unmasking is related to the difference between the mask and test signals frequencies. When the difference is small, the recognition of the increase in the overall energy intensity predominates. However, if the difference increases, then the discrimination of signals is dominant.
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Carmen Rosa Hernandez Yanez. Effet de masquage fréquentiel dans les vibrations du corps pour un sujet assis. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0075⟩. ⟨tel-00838762⟩



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