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Theses

Modélisation de la dépendance et mesures de risque multidimensionnelles

Abstract : In this PhD thesis we consider different aspects of dependence modeling with applications in multivariate risk theory. The first chapter is constituted by a general introduction. The second chapter is essentially constituted by the article “Estimating Bivariate Tail: a copula based approach”, actually submitted for publication. It deals with the problem of estimating the tail of a bivariate distribution function. We develop a general extension of the POT (Peaks-Over-Threshold) method, mainly based on a two-dimensional version of the Pickands-Balkema-de Haan Theorem. The dependence structure between the marginals in the upper tails is described by the Upper Tail Dependence Copula. Then we construct a two-dimensional tail estimator and study its asymptotic properties. The third chapter of this thesis is based on the article “A multivariate extension of Value-at-Risk and Conditional-Tail-Expectation” and submitted for publication. We propose a multivariate generalization of risk measures as Value-at-Risk and Conditional-Tail-Expectation and we analyze the behavior of these measures in terms of classical properties of risk measures. We study the behavior of these measures with respect to different risk scenarios and stochastic ordering of marginals risks. Finally in the fourth chapter we introduce a consistent procedure to estimate level sets of an unknown bivariate distribution function, using a plug-in approach in a non-compact setting. Also this chapter is constituted by the article “Plug-in estimation of level sets in a non-compact setting with applications in multivariate risk theory”, accepted for publication in ESAIM: Probability and Statistics journal.
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Éléna Di Bernardino. Modélisation de la dépendance et mesures de risque multidimensionnelles. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LYO10259⟩. ⟨tel-00838598⟩

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