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Phylogenomic study and specific diversity depiction of frankia genus : special focus on non-cultivable strains and ecological implications

Abstract : The depiction of the phylogenetic structure of the genus Frankia is still troublesome and the evolutionary forces guiding the speciation, dispersion and diversity are not well documented. The current phylogeny has been defined on the basis of the comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence while de genomospecies definition is still subjected to DNA-DNA hybridization trials. Aiming to bring to light the genomic variability of the genus and its translation into the ecological and specific diversity, our studies consisted in, firstly, evaluating the specific diversity within the genus and the ability of the Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism technique (AFLP) to describe Frankia genomospecies and their phylogenetic liaisons. Moreover this technique was also tested for the study of the non isolated Frankia directly in the actinorhizal nodules. Secondly, we defined a MLSA (Multilocus Sequence analysis) scheme which allowed us to establish a phylogeny of the genus by using a hundred of strains and for the first time to describe the phylogenetic divergence of a group of non culturable strains exhibiting the particular ability (phenotype) of sporulating in planta (Sp+). The Sp+ strains are distributed into two divergent clades whose structure is highly correlated to the host genotype. The importance of genetic markers having impact over ecology of the strains has been revised. In this regard we have studied the phylogenetic analysis and the occurrence of the genetic components for the siderophore production and of the sodF gene in Frankia.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00838567, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 315691

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Hector Hugo Bautista Guerrero. Phylogenomic study and specific diversity depiction of frankia genus : special focus on non-cultivable strains and ecological implications. Agricultural sciences. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10117⟩. ⟨tel-00838567⟩

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