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Preparation and characterization of supported metallacalix[4]arenes onto mesoporous silica for the conversion of olefins

Abstract : Generation of novel metallacalix[4]arenes materials applied to the valorization of hydrocarbons prepared using an unprecendented COMS method by the first functionalization of the silica support by reaction of hydroquinone with the unreported supported species [(SiO)2AliBu.(Et2O)].The reactivity between the complex W(CtBu)(CH2tBu)3 and the hydroquinone species [(SiO)2AlO-C6H4-OH.(Et2O)] allows the access to new well-defined catalytic systems [(SiO)2AlO-C6H4-OW(CtBu)(CH2tBu)2.(Et2O)]. Using this way, the anchoring of the calixarene [[4H]-(OH)3(H)] onto [(SiO)2AliBu.(Et2O)]SBA-15-(700) leads to the surface complex [(SiO)2Al-O-[4H]-(OH)2.(Et2O)].The subsequent incorporation of organometallic complexes from groups IV (Zr) and VI (W) provided novel bipodal metallacalix[4]arenes materials, characterized by IR, solid-state NMR, microanalysis and EXAFS. The clarification of their structures was supported by comparison of the spectroscopic data collected from their soluble models or analogues directly bonded to silica. These new materials, presenting phenoxo linkers display higher initial conversion rates than their analogues directly grafted on silica. Before preparation of the materials, a set of bi and tripodal titana-, zircona- and tantalacalix[4]arenes complexes were synthesized and characterized from calix[4]arenes derivatives ligands, presenting different mode of coordination for the metal (podality, ancillary ligands, OMO bite angle). In parallel, a structure-reactivity relation in the polymerization of ethylene was established in the case of the titanacalix[4]arenes, while Csp2-H and O-Me intramolecular activations were related for the tantalacalix[4]arenes.
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Jeff Espinas. Preparation and characterization of supported metallacalix[4]arenes onto mesoporous silica for the conversion of olefins. Other. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10192⟩. ⟨tel-00837913⟩

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