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Decentralization and territorialisation planning system development in the state of Santa Catarina : a systemic analysis of the period between 2003 and 2010

Abstract : The thesis has the objective to provide information for the critical evaluation of the decentralization process in Brazil, based on the systemic analysis of regional development planning in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina between 2003 and 2010, a period during which the Secretariats and Regional Development Councils were created. To implement this innovative process of decentralized management, the government changed the political and administrative structure of the state, by passing a complementary law. Contextually, in 2003, the government created the Secretariats of Regional Development (SRDs) in conjunction with the Regional Development Councils (RDCs). The state of Santa Catarina was then divided into 29 regions, each with both its SRD and its RDC. Their number was expanded to 30 in 2005 and 36 in 2007. According to the Government, this division was meant to change the system of development planning in place, through the administrative decentralization that the reform authorized. As part of this decentralization process, the State has conducted three experiments in development planning, the first two in 2004 and the third in 2006, when the "Plan Catarinense Development" was enacted (after having being designed during the administrative reform of 2005). From the perspective of territorial development, the thesis has revealed a number of obstacles to the implementation of effective change in the genesis, in Santa Catarina, of an innovative model of development (the term is used here mainly to express high levels of human development). The state of the art on which the dissertation is based follows a multidisciplinary approach, both in political sociology and geography, always with a territorial focus. Subsequently, a descriptive analysis of the planning system development in Santa Catarina was performed, in order to understand the perspective from which it was structured, highlighting the mechanisms of decentralization and territorial development an work in this Brazilian state. The results of the dissertation have strengthened the hypothesis that the dynamics of administrative decentralization at work at far from its official purpose which was the promotion of "sustainable territorial development" according to criteria of territorial governance. It appears that the reform was finally put at the service of a conservative, clientelistic political culture, inspired by liberal ideology, going against the central ideas of the federative pact guaranteed by the Brazilian Federal Constitution of 1998. From the perspective of territorial development, the analysis found no evidence of significant changes in the structure of the development of Santa Catarina, due to weak implementation of a development model favouring territorial governance. However, it should consider the innovative aspects of the process implemented in Santa Catarina in the studied period, in terms of systems of territorial development planning. However, one cannot deny the potentials of this process: a deeper analysis of civil society revels that it is less steeped into partisan political arrangements and has internalized a broader view of the environment.
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Elflay Miranda. Decentralization and territorialisation planning system development in the state of Santa Catarina : a systemic analysis of the period between 2003 and 2010. History. Université de Grenoble; Universidade federal de Santa Catarina (Brésil), 2012. Portuguese. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENH005⟩. ⟨tel-00836513⟩

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