Etude et modélisation des effets d'incursion à très haute température sur le comportement mécanique d'un superalliage monocristallin pour aubes de turbine

Abstract : This work is in the context of modeling and predicting the life of high pressure turbine blades of gas turbines. These components are made of nickel base single crystal superalloy such as the studied material MC2. Under operating conditions, they can be submitted to extreme stress and temperature conditions such as O.E.I. (.One Engine Inoperative.) which can also occur on a twin-engine helicopter : one engine stops which causes an increase in the outlet temperature of the combustion chamber for the remaining engine. In this work, the non-isothermal creep and creep/fatigue behaviors of single crystal superalloy have been studied to determine the impact of overheating at 1200. on the subsequent mechanical behavior at 1050 .. It has been determined that the prior thermomechanical degradation before an overheating plays an important role on the remaining life fraction. This influence is very dependent on the microstructural state of the material on which is performed the overheating (precipitate morphology of γ', coherency stress between the γ and γ' phases). From the damagemechanisms point of view, it was also found that the temperature level has a major importance in changing the coherency stresses between these two phases. The microstructural state plays a major role on the isothermal and non-isothermal life. Thus, the evolutions of the /' microstructure around the intermetallic μ phase particles have been studied as the porosity (determined by tomographic analysis through multi-interrupted creep tests at high temperature) which has led to a damage parameter taking into account microstructural evolutions and at the borderline between metallurgy and mechanics. Since the γ' directional coarsening is known to have an impact on the mechanical behavior at high temperature, a new model taking into account the γ' rafting has been designed. It takes into account the strain rate sensitivity of the γ' rafting and it was implemented in the coupled behavior/damage model of crystal plasticity named Polystar model. This has improved the modeling of long tests. Other changes were made to improve the cyclic and relaxation behaviors. This new model has been tested and validated on a notched specimen generating multiaxial mechanical fields during a non-isothermal complex creep test.
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Jean-Briac Le Graverend. Etude et modélisation des effets d'incursion à très haute température sur le comportement mécanique d'un superalliage monocristallin pour aubes de turbine. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ESMA0008⟩. ⟨tel-00834830⟩

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