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Theses

Rôle physiopathologique des anticorps catalytiques et des anticorps polyréactifs

Abstract : Antibodies are effector molecules of the humoral arm of the adaptive immune system that bind specifically and neutralize diverse array of antigens. Beyond the classical function of antibodies exist the relatively less explored properties, of “catalytic activity” that enable antibodies to act as enzymes and “polyreactivity” that confers the ability to bind to several structurally unrelated antigens. Catalytic antibodies have been associated with several autoimmune, inflammatory and infectious diseases. Acquired hemophilia is an autoimmune disease, reported with the presence of catalytic antibodies against coagulation factor FVIII. In the present work, we have investigated the presence of factor IX (FIX) hydrolyzing IgG in patients with acquired hemophilia. We investigated the molecular mechanism and the physiological relevance of FIX activation upon hydrolysis by patients’ IgG. In addition, a longitudinal follow-up for 2 years was done in patients undergone renal transplant to investigate the evolution of catalytic antibodies in the course of disease. Polyreactive antibodies constitute a major portion of the natural antibody repertoire. Additionally, sites of inflammation are abundant in protein destabilizing agents like free heme that can induce polyreactivity in monoreactive antibodies. We have investigated the effect of the antibody constant domain on heme-induced polyreactivity. The present work has allowed us a better understanding of the physiopathological relevance of catalytic and polyreactive antibodies.
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Ankit Ankai Mahendra. Rôle physiopathologique des anticorps catalytiques et des anticorps polyréactifs. Biotechnologie. Université de Technologie de Compiègne, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013COMP2059⟩. ⟨tel-00833821⟩

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