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L'Afrique au Mouvement olympique : Enjeux, stratégies et influences de la France dans l'internationalisation du sport africain (1944-1966)

Pascal Charitas 1
1 SPOTS
CIAMS - Complexité, Innovation, Activités Motrices et Sportives
Abstract : The goal of the thesis is to study the role and influence of France in the process of internationalising sport in French-speaking sub-Saharan Africa in the framework of the Olympic Movement (1944-1966). It aims to show how competitive sporting events between France and Africa during the colonial period and then at decolonisation revealed the dynamic of the changes in the political systems governing African sport (national and international federations, NOC). In the post-war context, the primary question is to understand how and under what conditions access to the IOC by the former French colonies in Africa can reveal the transformations in Franco-African relations. The demonstration focuses on three key moments: first, the combined effects of the reconfiguration in the new world order following the Second World War, such as the influence of the Cold War and the third-worldism that made it necessary for the former French colonies to strengthen relations with the Olympic Movement in order to defend their territory; second, De Gaulle's Fifth Republic's formalising of Olympic sporting recognition for the former African colonies on their way to full independence through the Jeux de la Communauté Française and the Jeux de l'Amitié (1960-1963); and finally the new interaction between the French and African political systems at the IOC (IOAC, 1961), which made it possible to envisage an African Olympic sports policy (All-Africa Games, 1965, and SCSA, 1966). Consequently, Franco-African sporting cooperation became an instrument of De Gaulle's foreign policy, thanks to support for the French government from the political elites of African sport. This viewpoint reveals a process working in two directions: maintaining French influence in postcolonial African sport through the strategic use of the Olympic Movement on the one hand, and the reappropriation of this Olympic space by the political elites of African sport to support their causes, fighting apartheid and pursuing development aid, on the other.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 13, 2013 - 3:24:15 PM
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Pascal Charitas. L'Afrique au Mouvement olympique : Enjeux, stratégies et influences de la France dans l'internationalisation du sport africain (1944-1966). Histoire. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010PA113007⟩. ⟨tel-00833807⟩

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