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Des interactions indirectes entre les proies : modélisation et influence du comportement du prédateur commun

Mickael Teixeira Alves 1
1 BIOCORE - Biological control of artificial ecosystems
LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Abstract : This thesis deals with multi-prey–predators modeling. It is particularly focused on the influence of the behavior of a predator on indirect interactions between its prey, i.e, the effect of the addition of a prey on the other prey. Classical theory predicts the occurrence of negative indirect effects between prey, or apparent competition, resulting from the interaction with a common predator. More recent results identify mechanisms that mitigate these negative effects. Our work revisits the assumptions about these mechanisms in systems composed of two prey and their common predator. After setting the ecological framework by recalling the main types of direct and indirect interactions, we introduce classical predator-prey models. The work then focuses on a family of models with predator negative density-dependence coupled with different models of predator behavior when faced with different types of prey. We show that the interactions between these mechanisms can reverse apparent competition and counter-intuitively, increase prey density through their common predator. Our results are relevant to biological control programs, where a common practice aims at fostering biological control agents by providing them with alternative food or shelters. Our theory suggests that such practices may be counter-productive, pest control being disrupted by a predator distraction effect.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 12, 2013 - 11:57:24 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00833242, version 1

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Mickael Teixeira Alves. Des interactions indirectes entre les proies : modélisation et influence du comportement du prédateur commun. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013NICE4024⟩. ⟨tel-00833242⟩

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