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Étude systémique des cibles génomiques de la methyl-CpG binding domain protein 2 (MBD2), un répresseur transcriptionnel dépendant de la méthylation de l'ADN : évolution de la distribution de MBD2 dans un modèle syngénique de progression tumorale mammaire

Abstract : The Methyl-CpG-Binding Domain (MBD) proteins represent key molecules in the interpretation ofDNA methylation signals leading to gene silencing through recruitment of chromatin remodelingcomplexes. In cancer, a member of this protein family, MBD2, seems to play an important role in theloss of expression of aberrantly methylated genes. Thus, MBD2 may be a potential target toreestablish their expression. Mapping of MBD2 binding sites and the relationship between MBD2binding and transcriptional activity was, therefore, a crucial step. (1) We investigated the impact ofMBD2 inhibition by RNA interference on gene expression, using microarray analysis, in a normalhuman fibroblastic cell line, MRC-5. MBD2 depletion did not induce global gene overexpression andCpG density of the methylated promoters seems to be an important parameter in the strength of thetranscriptional repression mediated by MBD2. (2) Global profiling for different layers of epigeneticmodifications (DNA methylation, MBD2 association) and RNA polymerase II binding sites in HeLacells was analyzed by a ChIP-chip method using human promoter arrays. This approach, combinedwith an analysis of H3 histone acetylation patterns, was performed in a syngenic model of breastcancer progression. In the models analyzed MBD2 appeared to be a true methylation-dependenttranscriptional repressor. Furthermore, MBD2 binds to a high proportion of methylated silent genes.Comparisons between immortalized and transformed cells did not indicate major changes of DNAmethylation or gene silencing, while a redistribution of MBD2 among these sites was observed,suggesting a redundancy between methylated binding proteins.
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Laury Perriaud. Étude systémique des cibles génomiques de la methyl-CpG binding domain protein 2 (MBD2), un répresseur transcriptionnel dépendant de la méthylation de l'ADN : évolution de la distribution de MBD2 dans un modèle syngénique de progression tumorale mammaire. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10216⟩. ⟨tel-00833153⟩

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