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Element cis-régulateur et facteurs en trans contrôlant l'expression de Krox20 lors de la segmentation du rhombencéphale

Abstract : During development, the posterior brain undergoes a transient segmentation process along the anteroposterior axis leading to its subdivision into 7 transversal units called rhombomeres (r) that form developmental and genetic expression units. The zinc finger factor plays a key role in this process by coupling the formation and the specification of the rhombomeres 3 and 5. Three regulatory elements controlling Krox20 expression have been characterized previously. Elements B and C are active in r5 and in r3-r5, respectively, and are involved in the onset of Krox20 expression whose amplification and upkeep are carried out by the autoregulatory element A. Thus, element C is a key tool to investigate the mechanisms responsible for the regionalized expression of Krox20 in r3. In order to deepen the characterization of Krox20 transcriptional control in r3, I undertook a functional analysis of the sequences of element C by mutagenesis and identified several conserved blocks required for its activity in r3. Furthermore, I established the complete quantitative and differential transcriptomic map of the mouse early hindbrain by RNA-Seq and I characterized several regulators of element C activity. Finally, I analyzed the mouse mutant where element C is deleted and I revealed new properties of Krox20 transcriptional control, notably a cis-cooperation between elements A and C. As a conclusion, this work shows how the combination of different approaches allows the elucidation of a complex transcriptional regulation mechanism that plays an essential role in cell specification
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00832985
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 11, 2013 - 4:49:34 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 12:37:57 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 12, 2013 - 4:09:31 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00832985, version 1

Citation

Johan Le Men. Element cis-régulateur et facteurs en trans contrôlant l'expression de Krox20 lors de la segmentation du rhombencéphale. Biologie du développement. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PAO66518⟩. ⟨tel-00832985⟩

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